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How did the Philippines celebrate June 12 under Marcos' martial law?

Philippine flags were also hoisted during official ceremonies in historically significant places in the country. In 1980, the year before martial law was lifted, Marcos delivered an Independence Day speech at the Quirino Grandstand in Manila. At 8 am, Marcos and his first lady hoisted the Philippine flag at Rizal Park, while other Philippine flags were raised at the Aguinaldo Shrine in Cavite, Fort Bonifacio, and at the Bonifacio Monument in Quezon City. Marcos, in his speeches, also defended the implementation of the "emergency government" of martial law, saying that it was needed in order to ultimately preserve the country's democracy and maintain stability. In his 1981 speech during the Independence Day Reception, Marcos said: "We have lived through nearly a decade of emergency government in our country, during which we not only sought to ensure the survival of our Republic, but also to effect the fundamental restructuring of our society. When we took the fateful course of constitutional authoritarianism, we did not forget that we were the First Republic to rise in Asia, and that the vision of our fathers was to found a thriving and living democracy upon our land." In his 1977 and 1979 speeches, Marcos also repeatedly mentioned the "Isang Bansa, Isang Diwa" ("One Nation, One Soul") theme, stressing the need for discipline and unity at a time when the country was said to be in great turmoil. After Marcos declared martial law on September 21, 1972, he delivered a presidential speech during Independence Day in 1973 . It was the first Independence Day speech that Marcos delivered to the public after a mere 9 months under martial law. In his 1973 speech , he said: "Natamo natin ang isang malayang Republika subalit ang Republikang iyan ay hindi naging demokratiko o matatag." (We achieved an independent Republic but that Republic was neither democratic nor strong.) In a mix of English and Filipino, Marcos added: "We didn't have the strength and the will to eradicate injustice, oppression and corruption, o igupo ang mga kaaway ng Republika, confront the enemies of our Republic. Ngunit sa taong ito ay natamo natin ang lahat ng ito.

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